"The odyssey 9th grade literature book"

The odyssey 9th grade literature book pdf

by: Lisa M.
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Holt Literature Textbook - 9th grade - Unit 11 - The Oct 27, - Holt Literature Textbook - 9th grade - Unit 11 - The Odyssey (unit Epic11Poetry You can publish your book online for free in a few minutes! 9th Grade Literature Book The ". The Iliad " is an epic poem attributed to Homer and the oldest extant piece of European literature. Divided into 24 books, it's an.

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Home Summer Reading. Odysseus- great hero who is lost at sea for 20 years after fighting at Troy Telemachus- Odysseus' son. He is now 20 years old and living at home with his mother. Penelope- Odysseus' beautiful wife and Queen of Ithica.

All the suitors want her hand in marriage. The Breakdown: The poet invokes the Muse to help him tell the story of Odysseus. Turns out Aegisthus had been warned by Hermes the messenger of the gods not to do this. Yes, we would consider this murder, but the Greeks were pretty serious about the whole avenging-the-father thing. So she asks for Zeus who is her father, by the way to have mercy on her favorite captain who has been trying to get home now for something around twenty years.

Zeus comments that Poseidon will need to stop pouting at some point and get over himself already, since all the other gods like Odysseus so much. We learn that Odysseus at this very moment is being held captive by a nymph named Calypso. Oh, and also a man. Which brings us to Ithaka, where a bevy of suitors is milling about for reasons which will be soon disclosed. Historical Context Note: Hospitality was a big deal in the ancient world.

When guests showed up, they were expected to be good guests bring gifts and behave themselves. Likewise, the hosts were expected to, well, be good hosts provide food and shelter. Just keep in mind that breaking these rules was a huge social no-no. Athena responds as Mentes and advises the boy to not give up hope of his father Odysseus coming home!

She asks about the suitors and Telemachus replies that he cannot make them go away; he wishes Odysseus were here to fend them off. Why, you ask?

Also, Penelope is very pretty, which explains why everyone wants to marry her. So Athena advises Telemachus to go to Pylos and talk to Nestor, and then head to Sparta to see King Menelaos, who has red hair, which is apparently an important feature to mention. As Mentes leaves, Telemachus tries to offer him gifts, as well as a bath and bed for the night, but Mentes politely declines.

Penelope, who obviously agrees with the "insensitive" label, comes down from her room to politely request that he sing another song, preferably not one about her most likely dead husband. Telemachus reproaches his mother and allows Phemius to keep singing.

So there! He claims that Ithica needs a king and that the suitors are here to provide one. Eurymachos, another suitor, asks who the stranger was and if he brought any news of Odysseus. Then he reveals that the visitor was Mentes although he himself knows there was some divine power involved. Don't panic yet Read this before and it will help you understand! After this you will know the characters and the story will make sense.

Telemachus calls a meeting of all the Ithican men. The suitors come too. Lord Aigyptios not to be confused with Aigisthos, the man whose murder the gods were earlier discussing , want to know why.

Telemachus grouses for a bit about the shameful actions of the suitors who have invaded his house, eaten his food, and drank his wine. Nobody dares challenge his righteous anger except Antinous, the would-be-king we met earlier.

He blames Penelope herself for deceiving the suitors. How so? Well, he explains: When Odysseus went missing instead of coming home from the Trojan War, Penelope devised a plan to delay having to marry one of these suitors.

Note: Because she was a Queen, Penelope would have been expected to marry after her husband died. Part of her duty to her land is making sure that her people have a king.

By day, she wove. Magically, it appeared the shroud would never be done! Of course, no one ever figured her out. Until a maid blabbed on her. Telemachus refuses to oust his mother from the house.

He is likely on the verge of refusing the second option when Zeus intervenes by sending a sign from above; two eagles fly down from a mountain and attack the people of the city. Halitherses, an augur whose job it is to read portentous signs, reads the portentous sign. He decides it is an omen that Odysseus will return home. Eurymachos, another suitor, laughs at the old augur and declares that Odysseus is dead.

He tells Telemachus that the suitors fear neither him nor his diviners with their talk of signs. Bad move, man. Telemachus is done arguing. He tells the men he is sailing for Pylos to hear news of his father. Yes, his name really is Mentor. Anyway, Mentor announces how sickening it is that the community at large has not risen to speak against the suitors. Yes — surely all will be incited to action! Sadly, no. Another townsman quickly hushes Mentor, so the crowd does nothing.

Foiled again! The meeting is over. Telemachus prays to the god who visited him last night, whoever it was. Athena, nearby, hears his prayer and descends in the guise of Mentor. When Telemachus goes home, the suitors mock him. Telemachus ignores them. In confidence, he tells Eurykleia to prepare food and wine with which to sail and to keep this whole trip on the down-low — especially from Penelope. Eurykleia agrees. Athena, to mix things up a bit, disguises herself as Telemachus while roaming about town and gathering up some good-hearted men to come along as crew for the ship.

She then approaches Telemachus still disguised as Mentor with news that his ride is ready. This is the last detailed guide you will receive.

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These are a sampling of the titles that often appear on high-school reading lists for 9th grade, as they encourage independent reading and are written at a level appropriate for a high school freshman. Literature programs vary by high school, but the books on this list are important introductions to literature. Perhaps most important, these works can help students develop stronger reading and analysis skills that they'll be required to call on throughout their secondary education, as well as in college courses.

Through narrator Paul, the novel offers a close-up image of war and explores combat's effect on soldiers as well as nationalism.

Written by George Orwell, this classic is an allegory for the Russian Revolution and Soviet push toward communism. In it, author Dee Brown critically describes the effects of expansion and Native American displacement in early America.

This parabolic novel was written by Pearl S. It uses Chinese culture to explore the destructive relationship between wealth and traditional values. One of literature's famous classics, Charles Dickens' " Great Expectations " uses a coming-of-age narrative to simultaneously discuss the desire for social, economic, educational, and moral self-improvement.

Consider this collection a "greatest hits" of Edgar Allan Poe. This iconic autobiographical novel was written by Maya Angelou and published in The classics are important, and " The Iliad " is about as classic as they come. Though disguised as a children's book, the novella discusses mature themes of loneliness, friendship, love, and loss. This dystopian novel was written by Nobel Prize-winner William Golding. It uses the story of a group of boys landing on a deserted island as an allegory for the challenges of building civilization.

Another Homer epic poem, " The Odyssey " depicts the heroic quest of a fighter returning home from battling in the Trojan War. It takes place after "The Iliad. Through the s tale of mentally disabled Lennie and his caretaker, George, this John Steinbeck novella suggests the impossibility of the American Dream. Published in , Ernest Hemingway's " The Old Man and the Sea " uses the story of a determined fisherman to explore both pride the honor of struggle.

It centers on themes of fate and free will, warfare, and freedom. In Harper Lee's novel, " To Kill a Mockingbird ," we see children maturing away from their inherent innocence after being confronted with hatred, prejudice, and ignorance for the first time.

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The Odyssey chapter of this Holt McDougal Literature Textbook Companion course helps students learn the essential literature lessons of Homer's The Odyssey. Mar 17,  · We end ninth grade with Homer's Odyssey, delving into the theme of what it means to be a hero and what qualities comprise a hero. Students have an opportunity then to find the hero in themselves. My students live in lower-socioeconomic neighborhoods which range across our city; thus, quite a few students travel far to make it to school each day. The main person in this book even quotes at the end that “The world is a wonderful place.”. Morgan Lee, ninth grade. This is a story of a young Japanese girl who grows up with her family in a small town. Her family had to move from their home town to living in Georgia with her Uncle.